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Installation Notes for 1&1 Cloud Server with ISO Image

If you install your 1&1 Cloud Server with an original manufacturer image (instead of the preconfigured image provided by 1&1), some additional configuration is necessary to guarantee that your server runs smoothly. This article will detail which points you have to keep in mind.

License Key

Depending on your operating system, you will need a separate license key for the installation (or extended manufacturer support such as for RHEL6). This key is not present on the original ISO image. It must be purchased separately and specified during installation.

The KVM Console

In the unconfigured state, the server may not be externally accessible, e.g. for Windows servers, remote desktop connections have to be allowed. However, with the KVM console, you can still have direct access to your server. Start it via your server's 1&1 Cloud Panel under Actions > Start KVM Console.


VM Resolution

The size of the window is relative to the resolution within the VM. For Windows, you can adjust the resolution as usual. For Linux, you could use the following method:

1. Open up /etc/default/grub
2. Uncomment/add the following lines: GRUB_GFXMODE=1024x768x16 GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=keep
3. Save the file and exit.
4. Run update-grub
5. Reboot, and enjoy a higher-resolution console!
Operating and System Settings

Depending on which operating system you have chosen, please consider the following points during/after installation.

Ubuntu Server 14.04
Network Configuration During installation, please specify that want to skip the network configuration or perform it later. After the installation has completed, please add the following lines in /etc/network/interfaces under iface lo inet loopback:
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

Then activate the network interface:

superuser@locahost:~$ sudo ifup eth0

CentOS 6
Network Configuration While CentOS correctly configures the network interface via DHCP, it sets the parameter to "onboot = no". This means that the network is not activated after restart because no external connection is possible. Therefore, you should check the option to Connect automatically under "Configure Network" (for interface eth0) during the installation.

You can also do this later by accessing the KMV console and going to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0. There you can change the ONBOOT=no line to the following:

ONBOOT=yes

Then activate the interface:
[root@localhost /]# ifup eth0


Microsoft Windows Server 2008/2012
Network Configuration Windows automatically configures the network via DHCP.

Windows Server 2008 only recognises the network adapter if the VMware Tools are installed. Please follow the guidelines stated below to install then and restart your server. Windows will now automatically recognise and configure the adapter.

Allow Remote Access To allow a remote desktop connection to the server, the following settings under the Windows Control Panel must be enabled:

Control Panel > System and Security > System > Remote Settings > "Allow remote connections to this computer".

Windows offers two options: You can gain access with network level authentication or without it. If you are using Windows 7 or higher, you should use the first option for added security.


VMware Tools

For everything to run smoothly, VMware Tools must be installed. You can install it via your 1&1 Cloud Panel using the appropriate ISO image. Add the right DVD to the virtual DVD drive (Server> DVD Drive> [Applications] VMware Tools> Load DVD).

Linux Windows
1. Mount DVD
[~]# mkdir /mnt/dvd
[~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/dvd

2. Uncompress Archive
[~]# tar -xzf /mnt/dvd/VMwareTools-9.4.10-2068191.tar.gz -C /tmp

3. Access installation script and install the tools with the default settings.
[~]# /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib/vmware-install.pl

4. Check Status
[~]# status vmware-tools
vmware-tools start/running
The DVD will automatically be integrated on your server as a drive. Then you can start the setup file on the DVD and follow the instructions.